please i need help with answers to the attached documents. it is my exam guide for the next exam
ANT 202, Klein
Exam #2 Study Guide
Chapters 5-8, 13 and 17
This exam will be a mix of multiple choice, true-false, matching and short answer questions. All
short answer questions will relate to the material we have covered in chapters 5-8, 13, and 17 in
the text but will ask you to apply that knowledge to the article. You may use a 3x5 notecard for
the exam as well.
Covered on the exam
Chapters 5-8, 13, and 17 from the textbook Humanity by Peoples and Bailey
Article: ?Tricking and Tripping: Prostitution in the Era of AIDS? by Claire Sterk
Article: ?Why Can?t People Feed Themselves?? by Frances Moore Lapp? and Joseph
Article: ?The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race? by Jared Diamond
Film: Ongka?s Big Moka (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wYNIbqjsCrk)
Important themes to focus on?
What is the difference between:
o Ethnocentrism vs. cultural relativism
o Scientifically-oriented theories vs. humanities-oriented theories (see chapter 5
PPT for help with this)
Anthropological theory (Chapter 5)
o What were the conditions leading to the beginning of the discipline? [Check out
PPT slides on theory (week 3) for slides on this, in addition to reading chapter 5]
o How has the field of anthropology evolved? Where does it stand today?
o Anthropology-as-a-science vs. anthropology-as-a-humanity (what is the
difference? Which theories are scientific in their approach and which are
o Be particularly aware of the theories by E.B. Tylor/Lewis Henry Morgan
("evolutionism" or "unilineal evolutionism"), Franz Boas ("historical
particularism" or "historicism"), Clifford Geertz ("symbolic" or "interpretive"
Methods of Investigation (Chapter 6)
o Ethnographic fieldwork
How is it done? What are the main means of collecting data?
What are important elements of fieldwork?
Ethical dilemmas in the field
Review the American Anthropological Association's Code of Ethics
(Principles of Professional Responsibility)
Adaptations to the environment (Chapter 7)
o How are the relationships between humans and the environment different from
those of other animals?
o What are the impacts of gathering and hunting on cultures?
o What are the impacts of horticulture on cultures?
o How has intensive agriculture led to the emergence of civilization?
o Why is nomadic pastoralism effective in certain environments?
o How has industrialization affected culture worldwide?
Economic exchange (Chapter 8)
o What are the three main forms of economic exchange?
o What are the differences between balanced, generalized and negative
o What role does social distance play in the form of reciprocity we engage in with
o What is redistribution? Why does it require a more centralized political
Inequality (Chapter 13)
o What are the differences between egalitarian, ranked and stratified societies?
Be able to give an example of each.
o How are caste and class systems similar to each other? How are they different?
What does the privilege demonstration illustrate about social mobility in the
o What is an ideology? How do the ideologies used to maintain inequality in the
US differ from those in India?
World Problems (Chapter 17)
o What is applied anthropology?
o How do the methods (interviewing, participant observation) and perspectives
(comparative, relativistic, and holistic) utilized by anthropologists put them in a
unique perspective to assess and help solve problems?
o What is medical anthropology?
o What are some examples of current world problems and how might
anthropology help in solving them?
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