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Answered: - HIST 116 US2 - World History II Spring 2016 Final Exam Due as a


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HIST 116 US2 - World History II

 

Spring 2016 Final Exam

 

Due as a Word attachment in LEO by 11:59 pm EDT, Saturday, May 7, 2016

 

[PUT YOUR NAME HERE]

 

Please circle, highlight or darken your answers within the area of the uppercase letter

 

in front of it.

 


 

1. Between 1750 and 1900, which of the following industrializing states created an

 

empire?

 

(A) Japan

 

(B) China

 

(C) Brazil

 

(D) Argentina

 

2. The North and South American independence movements of the late eighteenth and

 

early nineteenth centuries shared which of the following?

 

(A) Revolutionary demands based on Enlightenment political ideas

 

(B) Reliance on Christian teachings to define revolutionary demands

 

(C) Industrial economies that permitted both areas to break free of European control

 

(D) Political instability caused by constant warfare among the new states

 

3. Inca and Aztec societies were similar in that both

 

(A) developed from Mayan civilization

 

(B) acquired empires by means of military conquest

 

(C) independently developed iron technology

 

(D) depended entirely on oral record keeping

 

4. In the late nineteenth century, European involvement in both Africa and China was

 

characterized primarily by

 

(A) the encouragement of slavery

 

(B) extensive intermarriage with local peoples

 

(C) small military enclaves along coastlines

 

(D) competition among imperialist powers

 

5. What was the leading cause of the unprecedented increase in global population in the

 

twentieth century?

 

(A) The end of international epidemics

 

(B) Global warming and other types of climate change

 

(C) The impact of medical innovations and public health measures

 

(D) The reduction of world hunger

 

6. Which of the following factors best explains why the English and French did not

 

engage in direct imperialism in West and Central African states until the nineteenth

 

century?

 

(A) Lack of the necessary navigational and maritime technology

 

(B) Lack of European interest in African goods

 

(C) Ideas from the Enlightenment to limit their imperialist urges toward Africa

 

(D) Fear of death from tropical diseases like malaria

 


 

7. ?We shall not repeat the past. We shall eradicate it by restoring our rights in the Suez

 

Canal. This money is ours. The canal is the property of Egypt.? This quotation by

 

Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser (in power 1952?1970) best expresses support for

 

(A) communism

 

(B) liberalism

 

(C) nationalism

 

(D) imperialism

 

8. Which of the following describes a major change in international relations in the 1980s

 

and 1990s?

 

(A) The rapid establishment of large overseas colonial empires by European powers

 

(B) The disbanding of most regional political organizations

 

(C) The decline in power of multinational corporations

 

(D) The reduction of confrontations between communist and noncommunist countries

 

9. In recent decades, many world historians have challenged the commonly held view

 

that Europeans controlled the largest share of world trade in the seventeenth through

 

the eighteenth centuries. Which of the following evidence from the period would best

 

support this historical reinterpretation?

 

(A) Prices for Chinese goods were much higher in Europe than in China.

 

(B) European trading companies backed their long-distance ventures with the use of

 

military force.

 

(C) Asian trading companies dominated trade in the Indian Ocean region.

 

(D) European merchants transported only a fraction of the goods shipped globally.

 

10. Which of the following is an accurate comparison of the political systems in Western

 

Europe and the Americas between 1750 and 1900?

 

(A) Western Europe developed multiple monarchies, while the Americas remained

 

European colonies.

 

(B) Developments in the legal systems of the Americas emphasized individual political

 

rights, while Western Europe concentrated on maritime law.

 

(C) In both regions, nations engaged in an aggressive policy of imperialism and territorial

 

expansion.

 

(D) In both regions, most countries gradually adopted a representative democratic

 

system.

 

11. Which of the following was a major reason for the rapid expansion of European

 

dominance in the Americas during the sixteenth and the seventeenth centuries?

 

(A) The susceptibility of indigenous peoples to European diseases, wiping out millions.

 

(B) The advanced military technology of the European forces and conquistadors.

 

(C) The political divisions within the Aztec and Inca empires.

 

(D) The economic growth of the Western Europe.

 

12. A South American contribution to the Columbian Exchange included

 

(A) slave girls

 

(B) cacao

 

(C) corn

 

(D) sugar

 

13. A significant example of the interaction among Indian and European societies by

 


 

1860 was the transfer of knowledge of

 

(A) iron and copper mining techniques

 

(B) the flying shuttle and spinning jenny

 

(C) the science of optics and lens design

 

(D) the mass production of cotton cloth and steel

 

Questions 14-16 refer to the recipe below:

 


 

14. Which of the following best explains the motivation behind the Empire Marketing

 

Board?s publication of the Empire Christmas Pudding recipe?

 

(A) To promote innovations of the Green Revolution

 

(B) To promote imperial unity in response to rising nationalism

 

(C) To promote free market economic plans

 

(D) To promote Christian values in the context of Soviet expansion

 

15. The inclusion of rum from Jamaica in the recipe is a consequence of which of the

 

following?

 

(A) The development of a plantation economy based on coerced and semi-coerced labor

 

(B) The transfer of American crops to Europe as a result of the Columbian Exchange

 

(C) The migration of Caribbean peoples to England

 

(D) The intensification of free peasant agriculture in the Caribbean

 

16. Demand for Asian spices drove which of the following in the sixteenth and

 

seventeenth centuries?

 


 

(A) The widespread use of convict labor in agriculture

 

(B) The development of industrial manufacturing processes

 

(C) The expansion of the Manchu Empire in East Asia

 

(D) The establishment of European trading-post empires

 

Questions 17-19 refer to the map below:

 


 

17. Which of the following was a direct result of the trade pattern shown on the map?

 

(A) English colonies in North America developed methods of industrial production.

 

(B) The production of cash crops in North America and the Caribbean increased.

 

(C) Trade between states in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East decreased.

 

(D) Territories in sub-Saharan Africa were colonized by European nations.

 

18. Which of the following led directly to the structure of the trade system shown on the

 

map?

 

(A) Laissez-faire capitalism

 

(B) Mercantilist economic practices

 

(C) The encomienda labor system

 

(D) Development of trading alliances among Maya city-states

 

19. Which of the following contributed most to the disruption of the trade network shown

 


 

on the map during the nineteenth century?

 

(A) The increase in European immigrants to the Americas

 

(B) The spread of Enlightenment ideals in the Americas

 

(C) The increasing demand for American silver in China

 

(D) The development of maritime transportation technology

 

20. Which of the following statements does NOT describe Christianity, Islam and

 

Judaism?

 

(A) All are monotheistic religions.

 

(B) All revere Jesus as prophet.

 

(C) All emphasize prayer, fasting and charity towards others of the community.

 

(D) All forbid the making of idolatrous images.

 

Short Answer Question (please provide a five-to-eight sentence answer for the

 

following [worth ten (10) points]).

 


 

1. How did industrialization play a crucial role in the scale of death involved in the First

 

and Second World Wars?

 


 

Fill-in-the-Blank Statements (please fill in the blank or highlight answer for the

 

following [worth five (5) points each])

 


 

2. ___________________ was the new economic structure that came along in Europe and

 

expanded throughout the world between 1750 and 1900 CE.

 

Mercantilism

 

Communism

 


 

Imperialism

 

Capitalism

 


 

3. Germany, Austro-Hungary, Russia and _______________ lost most of or all of their

 

imperialism possession after the end of the First World War.

 

Italy

 


 

Ottoman Turkey

 


 

The United States

 


 

Japan

 


 

 


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