Question Details

(Answered)-I have one more for you that I need help answering this question


I have one more for you that I need help answering this question for my imaginary company. Please answer the following question and be detailed as possible!!! AGAIN please?use your own words!!?I will be turning it in to turnitin.com to check to see if you did copy from the internet so please use your own words!


9. Communications Issues Company May Face
Discuss the kinds of communications problems your company may face in the working
environment of the host country. How should they prepare for and deal with these problems?
See chapter 4.


International Business 10e

 

By Charles W.L. Hill

 


 

Chapter 4

 


 

Differences

 

in Culture

 


 

Chapter 2 Question?

 

Did Walmart Violate the FCPA?

 

Clear evidence that they knowingly violated the FCPA in

 

bribing Mexican government officials. Paid $1.158 million

 

in several incidents.

 

Company has spent $679 million to date in legal fees

 

and other compliance expenses.

 

Shareholder lawsuits possible

 

Executives have been terminated.

 

DOJ and SEC investigating?major legal action and

 

huge penalties are possible.

 

TAKEAWAY?Walmart executives fell prey to corruption in

 

their operating environment. Allowed arrogance to affect

 

their judgement. Final costs could be in the $ billions.

 

4-2

 


 

Ch3 Question

 

Auto Co Investment in China, Russia, or Germany

 

Team Choices

 


 

China

 


 

Russia

 


 

Germany

 


 

5

 


 

0

 


 

2

 


 

Benefits

 

?Low cost labor

 

?Mfg infrastructure

 

?Huge growth economy

 


 

Benefits

 

?Fairly low cost labor

 

?Mfg resources

 

?Large economy

 


 

Benefits

 

?Technical talent

 

?Mfg infrastructure

 

?Huge EU market

 

?Supportive culture

 

?Euro fairly stable

 


 

Costs

 

?Corruption

 

?Diminishing labor pool

 

?Pollution

 


 

Costs

 

?Corruption

 


 

Costs

 

?High labor costs

 

?Strong unions

 


 

Risks (political, economic,

 

legal)

 

?Political instability

 

?Currency instability

 

?Social unrest

 

?IP loss

 


 

Risks

 

?Political instability

 

?Currency instability

 

?Property loss

 


 

Risks

 

?Breakdown of EU

 

?Potential social unrest

 


 

4-3

 


 

How Do Cultural Differences

 

Affect International Business?

 

Understanding and adapting to the local cultural

 

is important international companies

 

cross-cultural literacy - an understanding of how

 

cultural differences across and within nations can

 

affect the way in which business is practiced

 

cross-cultural literacy is important for business

 

success (president of Toyota example)

 


 

A relationship may exist between culture and the

 

costs of doing business in a country or region

 

MNEs can be agents of cultural change

 

McDonald?s

 

Why did Walmart fail in Germany? Disney in France?

 

Target in Canada?

 

4-4

 


 

What Is Culture?

 

Culture - a system of values and norms that are

 

shared among a group of people and that when

 

taken together constitute a design for living

 

where

 

values are abstract ideas about what a group believes

 

to be good, right, and desirable

 

norms are the social rules and guidelines that

 

prescribe appropriate behavior in particular situations

 


 

Society - a group of people who share a

 

common set of values and norms

 

4-5

 


 

What Are Values And Norms?

 

Values provide the context within which a

 

society?s norms are established and

 

justified and form the bedrock of a culture

 

Norms include

 

folkways - the routine conventions of everyday

 

life

 

mores - norms that are seen as central to the

 

functioning of a society and to its social life

 


 

4-6

 


 

How Are Culture, Society,

 

And The Nation-State Related?

 

The relationship between a society and a

 

nation state is not strictly one-to-one

 

Nation-states are political creations

 

can contain one or more cultures

 


 

A culture can embrace several nations

 


 

4-7

 


 

What Determines Culture?

 

The values and norms of a culture evolve

 

over time

 

Determinants include

 

religion

 

political and economic philosophies

 

education

 

language

 

social structure

 

4-8

 


 

What Determines Culture?

 

Determinants of Culture

 


 

4-9

 


 

What Is A Social Structure?

 

Social structure - a society?s basic social

 

organization

 

Consider

 

the degree to which the basic unit of social

 

organization is the individual, as opposed to

 

the group

 

the degree to which a society is stratified into

 

classes or castes

 


 

4-10

 


 

How Are Individuals

 

And Groups Different?

 

A group is an association of two or more

 

people who have a shared sense of

 

identity and who interact with each other in

 

structured ways on the basis of a common

 

set of expectations about each other?s

 

behavior

 

individuals are involved in families, work

 

groups, social groups, recreational groups,

 

etc.

 


 

Societies place different values on groups

 

4-11

 


 

How Are Individuals

 

And Groups Different?

 

In Western societies, there is a focus on the

 

individual

 

individual achievement is common

 

dynamism of the U.S. economy

 

high level of entrepreneurship

 


 

But, creates a lack of company loyalty and

 

failure to gain company specific knowledge

 

competition between individuals in a company instead

 

of than team building

 

less ability to develop a strong network of contacts

 

within a firm

 

4-12

 


 

How Are Individuals

 

And Groups Different?

 

In many Asian societies, the group is the

 

primary unit of social organization

 

discourages job switching between firms

 

encourages lifetime employment systems

 

leads to cooperation in solving business

 

problems

 


 

But, might also suppress individual

 

creativity and initiative

 

4-13

 


 

What Is Social Stratification?

 

All societies are stratified on a

 

hierarchical basis into social categories,

 

or social strata

 

individuals are born into a particular stratum

 


 

Must consider

 

1. mobility between strata

 

2. the significance placed on social strata in

 

business contexts

 


 

4-14

 


 

What Is Social Stratification?

 

1. Social mobility - the extent to which individuals

 

can move out of the strata into which they are

 

born

 

caste system - closed system of stratification in

 

which social position is determined by the family into

 

which a person is born

 

change is usually not possible during an

 

individual's lifetime

 

class system - form of open social stratification

 

position a person has by birth can be changed

 

through achievement or luck

 


 

4-15

 


 

What Is Social Stratification?

 

2. The significance attached to social strata

 

in business contacts

 

class consciousness - a condition where people

 

tend to perceive themselves in terms of their class

 

background, and this shapes their relationships with

 

others

 

an antagonistic relationship between management

 

and labor raises the cost of production in countries

 

with significant class differences

 


 

4-16

 


 

How Do Religious And

 

Ethical Systems Differ?

 

Religion - a system of shared beliefs and

 

rituals that are concerned with the realm of the

 

sacred

 

Four religions dominate society

 

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

4.

 

5.

 


 

Christianity

 

Islam

 

Hinduism

 

Buddhism

 

Confucianism is also important in influencing

 

behavior and culture in many parts of Asia

 

4-17

 


 

How Do Religious And

 

Ethical Systems Differ?

 

World Religions

 


 

4-18

 


 

How Do Religious And

 

Ethical Systems Differ?

 

Ethical systems - a set of moral

 

principles, or values, that are used to

 

guide and shape behavior

 

Religion and ethics are often closely

 

intertwined

 

Example: Christian or Islamic ethics

 


 

4-19

 


 

What Is Christianity?

 

Christianity

 

the world?s largest religion

 

found throughout Europe, the Americas, and

 

other countries settled by Europeans

 

the Protestant work ethic (Max Weber, 1804)

 

hard work, wealth creation, and frugality is the

 

driving force of capitalism

 


 

4-20

 


 

What Is Islam?

 

Islam

 

the world?s second largest religion dating to AD 610

 

there is only one true omnipotent God

 

an all-embracing way of life that governs one's being

 

associated in the Western media with militants,

 

terrorists, and violent upheavals

 

but, in fact teaches peace, justice, and tolerance

 

fundamentalists have gained political power and blame

 

the West for many social problems

 

people do not own property, but only act as stewards

 

for God

 

supportive of business, but the way business is

 

practiced is prescribed

 


 


 


 


 


 

4-21

 


 

What Is Hinduism?

 

Hinduism

 

practiced primarily on the Indian subcontinent

 

focuses on the importance of achieving

 

spiritual growth and development, which may

 

require material and physical self-denial

 

Hindus are valued by their spiritual rather than

 

material achievements

 

promotion and adding new responsibilities

 

may not be important, or may be infeasible

 

due to the employee's caste

 

4-22

 


 

What Is Buddhism?

 

Buddhism

 

has about 350 millions followers

 

stresses spiritual growth and the afterlife,

 

rather than achievement while in this world

 

does not emphasize wealth creation

 

entrepreneurial behavior is not stressed

 

does not support the caste system, individuals

 

do have some mobility and can work with

 

individuals from different classes

 

4-23

 


 

What Is Confucianism?

 

Confucianism

 

ideology practiced mainly in China

 

teaches the importance of attaining personal

 

salvation through right action

 

high morals, ethical conduct, and loyalty to

 

others are stressed

 

three key teachings of Confucianism - loyalty,

 

reciprocal obligations, and honesty - may all

 

lead to a lowering of the cost of doing

 

business in Confucian societies

 

4-24

 


 

What Is The Role

 

Of Language In Culture?

 

Language - the spoken and unspoken

 

(nonverbal communication such as facial

 

expressions, personal space, and hand

 

gestures ) means of communication

 

countries with more than one language often

 

have more than one culture

 

Canada, Belgium, Spain

 


 

4-25

 


 

What Is The Role

 

Of Language In Culture? (cont)

 

Language is one of the defining characteristics

 

of culture

 

Chinese is the mother tongue of the largest number of

 

people

 

English is the most widely spoken language in the

 

world

 

English is also becoming the language of international

 

business

 

but, knowledge of the local language is still beneficial,

 

and in some cases, critical for business success

 

failing to understand the nonverbal cues of another

 

culture can lead to communication failure

 


 

4-26

 


 

What Is The Role

 

Of Education In Culture?

 

Formal education is the medium through which

 

individuals learn many of the language,

 

conceptual, and mathematical skills that are

 

indispensable in a modern society

 

important in determining a nation?s competitive

 

advantage

 

Japan?s postwar success can be linked to its

 

excellent education system

 

general education levels can be a good index for the

 

kinds of products that might sell in a country

 

Example: impact of literacy rates

 


 

4-27

 


 

How Does Culture

 

Impact The Workplace?

 

Management processes and practices

 

must be adapted to culturally determined

 

work-related values

 

Geert Hofstede studied culture using

 

data collected from 1967 to 1973 for

 

100,000 employees of IBM

 

Hofstede identified four dimensions that

 

summarized different cultures

 


 

4-28

 


 

How Does Culture

 

Impact The Workplace? (cont)

 

Hofstede?s dimensions of culture:

 

1. Power distance - how a society deals with the

 

fact that people are unequal in physical and

 

intellectual capabilities

 

2. Uncertainty avoidance - the relationship

 

between the individual and his fellows

 

3. Individualism versus collectivism - the extent to

 

which different cultures socialize their members

 

into accepting ambiguous situations and

 

tolerating ambiguity

 

4. Masculinity versus femininity -the relationship

 

between gender and work roles

 

4-29

 


 

How Does Culture

 

Impact The Workplace?(cont)

 

Work-Related Values for 20 Countries

 


 

4-30

 


 

How Does Culture

 

Impact The Workplace? (cont)

 

Hofstede later expanded added a fifth

 

dimension called Confucian dynamism or

 

long-term orientation

 

captures attitudes toward time, persistence,

 

ordering by status, protection of face, respect

 

for tradition, and reciprocation of gifts and

 

favors

 

Japan, Hong Kong, and Thailand scored high on

 

this dimension

 

the U.S. and Canada scored low

 


 

4-31

 


 

Was Hofstede Right?

 

Hofstede?s work has been criticized for several

 

reasons

 

made the assumption there is a one-to-one

 

relationship between culture and the nation-state

 

study may have been culturally bound

 

used IBM as sole source of information

 

culture is not static ? it evolves

 


 

But, it is a starting point for understanding how

 

cultures differ, and the implications of those

 

differences for managers

 

4-32

 


 

Does Culture Change?

 

Culture evolves over time

 

changes in value systems can be slow and

 

painful for a society

 


 

Social turmoil - an inevitable outcome of

 

cultural change

 

as countries become economically stronger,

 

cultural change is particularly common

 

economic progress encourages a shift from

 

collectivism to individualism

 


 

globalization also brings cultural change

 

4-33

 


 

What Do Cultural Differences

 

Mean For Managers?

 


 

1. It is important to develop cross-cultural literacy

 

companies that are ill informed about the practices

 

of another culture are unlikely to succeed in that

 

culture

 


 

To avoid being ill-informed

 

consider hiring local citizens

 

transfer executives to foreign locations on a regular

 

basis

 


 

Managers must also guard against

 

ethnocentrism

 

a belief in the superiority of one's own culture (see

 

opening case, ?Why did Walmart Fail in Germany??)

 

?also why did Target fail in Canada?

 

4-34

 


 

What Do Cultural Differences

 

Mean For Managers? (cont)

 

2. There is a connection between culture

 

and national competitive advantage

 

suggests which countries are likely to

 

produce the most viable competitors

 

has implications for the choice of countries

 

in which to locate production facilities and

 

do business

 


 

4-35

 


 

Team Discussion Question?

 

Q2, p. 118

 

Do you think that business practices in

 

an Islamic country are likely to differ

 

from business practices in the United

 

States? If so, how?

 


 

4-36

 


 

 


Solution details:
STATUS
Answered
QUALITY
Approved
ANSWER RATING

This question was answered on: Oct 07, 2020

PRICE: $15

Solution~0002165251.zip (25.37 KB)

Buy this answer for only: $15

This attachment is locked

We have a ready expert answer for this paper which you can use for in-depth understanding, research editing or paraphrasing. You can buy it or order for a fresh, original and plagiarism-free copy (Deadline assured. Flexible pricing. TurnItIn Report provided)

Pay using PayPal (No PayPal account Required) or your credit card . All your purchases are securely protected by .
SiteLock

About this Question

STATUS

Answered

QUALITY

Approved

DATE ANSWERED

Oct 07, 2020

EXPERT

Tutor

ANSWER RATING

GET INSTANT HELP/h4>

We have top-notch tutors who can do your essay/homework for you at a reasonable cost and then you can simply use that essay as a template to build your own arguments.

You can also use these solutions:

  • As a reference for in-depth understanding of the subject.
  • As a source of ideas / reasoning for your own research (if properly referenced)
  • For editing and paraphrasing (check your institution's definition of plagiarism and recommended paraphrase).
This we believe is a better way of understanding a problem and makes use of the efficiency of time of the student.

NEW ASSIGNMENT HELP?

Order New Solution. Quick Turnaround

Click on the button below in order to Order for a New, Original and High-Quality Essay Solutions. New orders are original solutions and precise to your writing instruction requirements. Place a New Order using the button below.

WE GUARANTEE, THAT YOUR PAPER WILL BE WRITTEN FROM SCRATCH AND WITHIN YOUR SET DEADLINE.

Order Now